The contents in this page is to provide guidance to ophthalmologists in management of common ophthalmological conditions. It also contains materials from external websites for surgical techniques, tips and videos. There are sections focused on useful guidelines, podcasts and external links for other ophthalmological tips.
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Management of General Ophthalmology Conditions
- IOL subluxation/dislocation – how to manage it?
- Refractive surprise – how to avoid and manage it?
- Toxic anterior segment syndrome (TASS) – what is it?
CORNEA AND ANTERIOR SEGMENT
- Corneal dystrophies – what are they?
- Dry eyes – how to manage?
- Herpes simplex keratitis (HSK) – how to manage?
- Herpes zoster ophthalmicus (HZO) – how to manage?
- Keratoconus – how to diagnose and manage?
- Microbial keratitis – how to manage?
- Red eye – how to manage?
- Scleritis and episcleritis – how to differentiate and manage them?
- Narrow angle glaucoma – how to manage?
- Ocular hypertension and primary open-angle glaucoma – how to manage?
- Secondary glacuoma – what are the common ones and how to manage?
- Anisocoria – how to diagnose and manage?
- Binocular diplopia – how to diagnose and manage?
- Cranial nerve palsies – how to diagnose and manage?
- Functional visual loss – how to diagnose?
- Giant cell arteritis – how to manage?
- Internuclear ophthalmoplegia (INO) – what is it?
- Myasthenia gravis – what is it?
- Nystagmus – how to diagnose and manage?
- Optic atrophy – how to manage?
- Optic neuritis – how to manage?
- Papilloedema – how to diagnose and manage?
- Supranuclear eye movement disorders – what are they?
- Non-accidental injuries – how to manage? (see RCOphth guidelines)
- Ophthalmia neonatarum – how to manage?
- Sudden onset squint in child – how to manage?
- White reflex in a child – how to manage?
ORBIT AND OCULOPLASTICS
- Thyroid eye disease – how to manage?
- Proptosis – how to diagnose and manage?
- Lid lumps – how to differentiate benign and malignant?
- Lid malposition – how to manage?
- Nasolacrimal duct diseases – how to manage?
- Orbital cellulitis – how to manage?
- Orbital lesions – how to differentiate (cystic, inflammation, tumors, vascular) and manage?
- Ptosis – how to manage?
RETINA (MEDICAL AND SURGICAL)
- Age related macular degeneration
- Cancer associated retinopathy (CAR)
- Central serous retinopathy
- Choroidal detachments
- Chorioretinal dystrophies
- Coat’s disease
- Diabetic retinopathy
- Cystoid macular oedema
- Epiretinal membrane
- Familial exudative vitreo-retinopathy (FEVR)
- Hypertensive retinopathy
- Macular dystrophies
- Macular hole
- Macular telangiectasia
- Ocular ischaemic syndrome
- Optic disc pit maculopathy
- Posterior vitreous detachment
- Radiation retinopathy
- Retinal artery occlusion
- Retinal coloboma
- Retinal detachment
- Retinal vein occlusion
- Retinitis pigmentosa
- Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP)
- Sickle cell retinopathy
- Submacular haemorrhage
- Terson’s syndrome
- Toxic retinopathies
- Valsalva retinopathy
- Vitreomacular traction
- Uveal effusion syndrome
- Acute anterior/posterior uveitis – how to diagnose and manage?
- Behcet’s disease – what is it?
- Infectious uveitis – how to manage?
- Intermediate uveitis – how to manage?
- Juvenile idiopathic arthritis – what is it?
- Retinal vasculitis – how to manage? – Management of retinal vasculitis
- Sarcoidosis – how to manage?
- Seronegative spondyloarthropathies – how to manage?
- Multiple sclerosis – how to manage?
- Sympathetic ophthalmia – what is it?
- Viral uveitis – how to manage?
- Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada’s syndrome – what is it?
- White dot syndromes – what are they?
Surgical Techniques (Tips and Videos)
- Aniridia implants
- Artisan IOL implantation (anterior approach)
- ExtraCapsular Cataract Extraction
- Hoffman pocket (corneoscleral pocket technique for subluxed IOL-capsular bag complex)
- Iris repair
- Mini-Monoka Stent for Canalicular Laceration
- Scleral Fixated IOL
- Toric IOL – how to do it (Alcon)
- Chorioretinal folds – causes
- OCT to determine optic disc swelling
- USS B-scan quick reference on how to do it systematically
Surgical Tips for VR Surgeon
- Cataract Coach
- Draining Choroidal Effusions
- Draining Suprachoroidal Haemorrhage
- Intraocular foreign body – step by step management
- Performing retinectomies
- Retinachoroidal biopsy
- Surgical Management of Endophthalmitis
- Surgical Management of Giant Retinal Tears
- Surgical Management of Paediatric Vitreoretinal Cases
- Using Heavy Liquid
Ophthalmology Guidelines (external links):
- Abusive Head Trauma and the Eye in Infancy Documentation 2013 (RCOphth)
- Age related macular degeneration (AMD) Guidelines 2018 (NICE)
- Anti-epileptic drugs ocular side effects – Vigabatrin (Sabril) 2008 and Topiramate 2010 (RCOphth)
- Cataract Surgery Guidelines 2017 (NICE)
- Certification of vision impairment (CVI) 2018 (RCOphth / DoH)
- Diabetic Retinopathy Guidelines 2013 (RCOphth)
- Hydroxychloroquine and Chloroquine Retinopathy Screening 2018 (RCOphth)
- Intravitreal injection therapy 2018 (RCOphth)
- Local Anaesthesiae in Ophthalmic Surgery 2012 (RCOphth)
- Management of strabismus in childhood Guidelines 2012 (RCOphth)
- Occupational Visual Standards 2019 (DVLA)
- Referral pathways for adult ocular tumours 2018 (RCOphth)
- Retinal Vein Occlusion Guidelines 2015 (RCOphth)
- UK Retinal of Prematurity (ROP) Guideline Treatment Algorithm 2008 (RCOphth)
Syndromes that is useful to know
- Ehlers-Danlos syndrome
- Marfan Syndrome
- Stickler Syndrome
- SUSAC Syndrome
Useful links to prepare for the exams (external links):
- AAO One Network
- Digital Journal of Ophthalmology
- Eye Guru
- Eye Wikipedia
- Eye Docs
- Eye Rounds
- Prof Chua’s MRCOphth website
- Ophtho Questions
Useful podcasts (external links):
This page is solely intended for healthcare professional use. Legal disclaimer: The content of this website is meant for information only. It is not meant to replace a consultation with an eye care professional. If you think that you have an eye problem then you should have a formal eye examination. Please read full legal disclaimer before proceeding.